Tag Archives: European Union

Societal Change and Trust in Institutions

As data from the European Quality of Life Surveys and Eurobarometer show, the sharp decline in trust in institutions was a temporary phenomenon during the recession. In some Member States, trust in the EU declined more during this period than trust in national governments, but trust in the EU has generally remained higher than trust …
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Does employment status matter for job quality?

Two-thirds of the EU labour force are in permanent, full-time employment; the remaining one-third has a non-standard employment status, meaning temporary or part-time employment or self-employment. Given the variety of employment statuses, it is worth asking whether working conditions differ across them. This policy brief uses data from the 2015 European Working Conditions Survey to …
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Social Cohesion and Well-Being in Europe

This report provides an analysis of European societies in terms of social cohesion – in particular social tensions, perceived social exclusion and community engagement are explored as key dimensions. It analyses the links between societal characteristics (quality of society) and well-being of different social groups. The analysis looks at how perceived levels of societal tensions …
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ERM Report 2018: Impact of Restructuring on Working Conditions

Using data from the sixth European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS), carried out in 2015, the ERM report 2018 examines how workplace factors may influence the relationship between restructuring (with job losses) and the outcomes for employees. It also reviews policy and academic research on good practice in restructuring. The findings are then distilled into a …
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Employment Effects of Innovation Support

Government-backed initiatives to support innovation in business are widespread across the EU. These support measures, if designed and implemented correctly, have the potential to also create jobs – better-quality jobs – to upskill the labour force, to improve job quality and to boost the employment of disadvantaged groups. However, this potential is often not recognised …
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EU Regions and the Upgrading for the Digital Age

The Joint Research Centre of the European Commission has recently launched the following report: “EU regions and the upgrading for the digital age” by Antonio Vezzani, Emanuele Pugliese and Petros Gkotsis. In this work they use patent data from the European patent office (EPO) to assess the capabilities of EU regions in developing digital technologies …
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Women in Management: Underrepresented and Overstretched?

Despite years of gender equality legislation, men outnumber women in management positions by two to one. While structural barriers continue to impede women’s career advancement, women themselves may be deterred from becoming managers if they perceive that it would have a negative impact on their working and personal lives. What is the experience of women …
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New Tasks in Old Jobs: Drivers of Change and Implications for Job Quality

The overview report “New tasks in old jobs: Drivers of change and implications for job quality” summarises the findings of 20 case studies looking at recent changes in the task content of five manufacturing occupations (car assemblers, meat processing workers, hand-packers, chemical products plant and machine operators and inspection engineers) as a result of factors …
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Industrial R&D Continued to Grow Substantially in 2017

The Joint Research Centre of the European Commission has recently launched the following Policy brief: “Industrial R&D continued to grow substantially in 2017” by Petros Gkotsis, Hector Hernández and Antonio Vezzani. In this Issue: • R&D funded by the business sector increased in the EU by 5.6%, below the 6.1% global rate and the US …
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Overview of New Forms of Employment – 2018 Update

Across Europe, new forms of employment are emerging that differ significantly from traditional employment. Some of these forms of employment transform the relationship between employer and employee while others change work organisation and work patterns. They often involve locations other than the usual employer’s premises, and or extensive use of information and communications technology. This …
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