The Challenge of Shadow Education


The NESSE network of experts has just published an independent report prepared for the European Commission titled “The Challenge of Shadow Education: Private Tutoring and Its Implications for Policy Makers”.

The study shows that private tuition is a booming business in Europe, with parents in France and Germany spending more than 3 billion euros a year on additional schooling for their children. The report, which pulls together research conducted in separate countries over the past four years, shows how the trend is deepening inequalities in Europe.

Access the full text on the web.


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