DESI is a composite index that summarizes relevant indicators on Europe’s digital performance and tracks the evolution of EU member states in digital competitiveness.
It includes five main dimensions: Connectivity, Human Capital, Use of Internet, Integration of Digital Technology and Digital Public Services.
Digital developments are uneven across the European Union, despite some convergence in the performance of countries during the past year. In 2015 the overall score of the worst performing EU country (Romania – 0.31) was less than half the score of the best performing country (Denmark – 0.68).
According to their performance, countries were grouped in high, medium and low performance clusters:
-Denmark, Sweden, The Netherlands and Finland are the highest performing countries. They are not only ahead in the EU, but they are world leaders in digital.
-Belgium, the United Kingdom, Estonia, Luxembourg, Ireland, Germany, Lithuania, Spain, Austria, France, Malta, Portugal and the Czech Republic belong to the medium-performance group. They are doing well in certain areas but still need to progress in others.
-Latvia, Slovenia, Hungary, Slovakia, Cyprus, Poland, Croatia, Italy, Greece, Bulgaria and Romania are the slow performing countries. They need to step up their performance in a number of areas and catch up with the rest of the EU.
In DESI 2015, the European Union as a whole scores 0.47, which represents an improvement in digital development in comparison to last year, when it scored 0.44.
The region performs best in Connectivity and Human Capital, but needs to progress in the use of Internet by citizens and even more so in Integration of Digital Technology by businesses.